Effect on IBM: market & technical
1965: IBM ASC project established with 200 people in Menlo Park to regain the lead
1969 the ASC Project was cancelled. The team was recalled to NY. 190 stayed.
The basis of John Cocke’s work on RISC.
Amdahl Corp. resulted (plug compatibles and lower priced mainframes, master slice)
IBM pre-announced Model 90 to stop CDC from getting orders
CDC sued because the 90 was just paper
The Justice Dept. issued a consent decree.
IBM paid CDC 600 Million + ...
The 6600 caused IBM to respond in two ways: to examine a new architecture, ASCC that was ultimately cancelled; and the pre-announcement of a computer that was yet to be designed and delivered in order to stop CDC from getting orders.
The technical fallout was enormous. Cocke worked on compilers that resulted in the RISC idea as previously stated. Trained engineers helped establish the computer industry in Silicon Valley. Amdahl Corporation was formed to make 360 plug-compatible computers. Custom chip design using the gate array or master slice concept resulted from the Amdahl design. Amdahl formed a partnership with Fujitsu corporation that enabled the Japanese to enter the plug-compatible computing business.