Cray Research Computers
1976: Cray 1... (1/M, 1/S, XMP, YMP, C90, T90)
1985: Cray 2 GaAs… and Cray 3, Cray 4
The Cray 1 was the first successful vector processor. Others had tried with the Illiac IV, CDC Star; TI ASC, and IBM array processor. The Cray 1 was extended with various models before Steve Chen extended it in the XMP as a shared memory multiprocessor. This became the new basis for improving speed through parallelism with each new generation.
Shared memory vector multiprocessors became the formula for scientific computing that is likely to continue well into the 21st century.
This has been modified to interconnect vector computers, forming a giant multicomputer network to gain even more parallelism at even higher prices. I don’t know whether Cray Research will continue with the vector architecture but certainly Fujitsu, NEC and Hitachi continue to believe it is the future..