Rational Nonmonotonic Reasoning

Carl M. Kadie

Microsoft Research, Bldg 9S
Redmond 98052-6399, WA

Author Email: carlk@microsoft.com

Abstract:

Nonmonotonic reasoning is a pattern of reasoning that allows an agent to make and retract (tentative) conclusions from inconclusive evidence. This paper gives a possible­worlds interpretation of the nonmonotonic reasoning problem based on standard decision theory and the emerging probability logic. The system's central principle is that a tentative conclusion is a decision to make a bet, not an assertion of fact. The system is rational, and as sound as the proof theory of its underlying probability logic.

Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, Minneapolis, August 1988. (postscript)