Automatic 3D Model Construction for Turn-Table Sequences
Andrew W. Fitzgibbon, Geoff Cross and Andrew Zisserman
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Robotics Research Group, Department of Engineering Science,
University of Oxford, 19 Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PJ, United Kingdom

The Input: Any sequence of images of a rotating object with a constant-colour background.
All we need to know is that the object is rotating about a single axis.

input movie
  • Fully automatic procedure: Converting the images to 3D models is a black-box filter: Video in, VRML out.
  • We don't require that the motion be regular: the angle between views can vary, and it doesn't have to be known. Recovery of the angle is automatic, and accuracy is about 40 millidegrees standard deviation. In golfing terms, that's an even chance of a hole in one.
  • We don't use any calibration targets: features on the objects themselves are used to determine where the camera is, relative to the turntable. Aside from being easier, this means that there is no problem with the setup changing between calibration and acquisition, and that anyone can use the software without special equipment.

    For example, this dinosaur sequence was supplied to us by the University of Hannover without any other information. (Actually, we do have the ground-truth angles so that we can make the accuracy claims above, but of course these are not used in the reconstruction).

The Output: VRML model of the input object (plus camera position and turntable angles)
View 1 of 3D modelView 2 of 3D modelView 3 of 3D model
Click on the pictures to get a larger image.
Texturemapped (34K polygons):
Textured1.gif Textured1.gif

Download VRML:

Resolution: Spatial resolution is dependent on the resolution of the camera -- if you can see a feature in the images, you should see it on the model. This high-resolution hand model is overlaid on one of the original images to show the subpixel accuracy of the volume intersection.
View 1 of 3D model View 1 of 3D model

Limitations: There are two types: fundamental and other.

The fundamental ones are:

The non-fundamental limitations are to do with the bluescreening and volume intersection processes. This means that it's "just a matter of programming" before they are fixed.
BibTeX entry

  author =       {Andrew W. Fitzgibbon, Geoff Cross and Andrew Zisserman},
  title =        {Automatic 3D Model Construction for Turn-Table Sequences},
  booktitle =    {Proceedings of SMILE Workshop on Structure from Multiple Images in Large Scale Environments},  
  publisher =    {Springer Verlag},
  series =       {Lecture Notes in Computer Science},
  volume =       {1506},
  year =         {1998},
  editor =       {R. Koch and L. Van{G}ool},
  pages =        {154-170},
  month =        {June}