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VINTA: Combining Model Checking and Abstract Interpretation

Speaker  Arie Gurfinkel

Affiliation  Carnegie Mellon University

Host  Nikolaj Bjorner

Duration  01:05:14

Date recorded  4 June 2013

Abstract interpretation (AI) is one of the most scalable automated program verification techniques. The scalability is achieved through aggressive abstraction in basic analysis steps (i.e., post, join and widening). This leads to loss of precision. As such, AI is plagued by false alarms. In this talk, I will present VINTA, an algorithm that enriches AI with Abstraction Refinement techniques from Software Model Checking to alleviate the false alarms. VINTA is an iterative algorithm that uses Craig interpolants to refine and guide AI away from false alarms. It is based on a novel refinement strategy that capitalizes on recent advances in SMT and interpolation-based Model Checking. On one hand, it can find concrete counterexamples to justify alarms produced by AI. On the other, it can strengthen invariants to exclude alarms that cannot be justified. The refinement process continues until either a safe inductive invariant is computed, a counterexample is found, or resources are exhausted. This strategy allows VINTA to recover precision lost in many AI steps. VINTA has been implemented as part of the UFO verification framework. It is a big contributor to the success of UFO in the 2nd International Software Verification Competition

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