Michael Isard, Vijayan Prabhakaran, Jon Currey, Udi Wieder, Kunal Talwar, and Andrew Goldberg
11 October 2009
This paper addresses the problem of scheduling concurrent jobs on clusters where application data is stored on the computing nodes. This setting, in which scheduling computations close to their data is crucial for performance, is increasingly common and arises in systems such as MapReduce, Hadoop, and Dryad as well as many grid-computing environments. We argue that data intensive computation benefits from a fine-grain resource sharing model that differs from the coarser semi-static resource allocations implemented by most existing cluster computing architectures. The problem of scheduling with locality and fairness constraints has not previously been extensively studied under this model of resource sharing.
We introduce a powerful and flexible new framework for scheduling concurrent distributed obs with fine-grain resource sharing. The scheduling problem is mapped to a graph datastructure, where edge weights and capacities encode the competing demands of data locality, fairness, and starvation-freedom, and a standard solver computes the optimal online schedule according to a global cost model. We evaluate our implementation of this framework, which we call Quincy, on a cluster of a few hundred computers using a varied workload of data- and CPU-intensive jobs. We evaluate Quincy against an existing queue-based algorithm and implement several policies for each scheduler, with and without fairness constraints. Quincy gets better fairness when fairness is requested, while substantially improving data locality. The volume of data transferred across the cluster is reduced by up to a factor of 3.9 in our experiments, leading to a throughput increase of up to 40%.
In Proceedings of 22nd ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery, Inc.
Copyright © 2007 by the Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept, ACM Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or firstname.lastname@example.org. The definitive version of this paper can be found at ACM’s Digital Library --http://www.acm.org/dl/.