Cha Zhang, Pei Yin, Yong Rui, Ross Cutler, Paul Viola, and Xinding Sun
Identifying the active speaker in a video of a distributed meeting can be very helpful for remote participants to understand the dynamics of the meeting. A straightforward application of such analysis is to stream a high resolution video of the speaker to the remote participants. In this paper, we present the challenges we met while designing a speaker detector for the Microsoft RoundTable distributed meeting device, and propose a novel boosting-based multimodal speaker detection (BMSD) algorithm. Instead of separately performing sound source localization (SSL) and multi-person detection (MPD) and
subsequently fusing their individual results, the proposed algorithm fuses audio and visual information at feature level by using boosting to select features from a combined pool of both audio and visual features simultaneously. The result is a very accurate speaker detector with extremely high efficiency. In experiments that includes hundreds of real-world meetings, the proposed BMSD algorithm reduces the error rate of SSL-only approach by 24.6%, and the SSL and MPD fusion approach by 20.9%. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first real-time multimodal speaker detection algorithm that is deployed in commercial products.
|Published in||IEEE Trans. on Multimedia|
© 2008 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. http://www.ieee.org/