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XOR Rescue: Exploiting Network Coding in Lossy Wireless Networks

Fang-Chun Kuo, Kun Tan, Xiang-Yang Li, and Xiaoming Fu


It is well-known that wireless links are error-prone and require retransmissions for recovering frames from errors and losses. Network coding (NC) has been proposed for more efficient MAC-layer retransmissions in WLANs. However, existing schemes employed the reception report mechanism, which is both inefficient and expensive. Furthermore, they considered neither fairness nor the effects of time-varying heterogenous wireless networks. These issues are critical for achieving full benefit of network coding. Without addressing them, these schemes may even impair system performance. In this paper, a novel MAC-layer retransmission scheme, namely XOR Rescue(XORR) is proposed. It estimates the reception status without extra overheads and devises a new coding metric, which accommodates the effects of the frames size and the channel condition. Finally, XORR employs NC-aware fair opportunistic scheduling, which is theoretically proven to be fair, i.e. not only the service time is evenly allocated, but also it always improves the expected goodput for every wireless station. It is further verified by theoretic analyses, extensive simulations and testbed experiments. Our results show that XORR outperforms the non-coding fair opportunistic scheduling and 802.11 by 25% and 40%, respectively.


Publication typeInproceedings
Published inSixth Annual IEEE Communications Society Conference on Sensor, Mesh, and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks
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