Milan Vojnovic, Jean-Yves Le Boudec, and Catherine Boutremans
Consider a network with an arbitrary topology and arbitrary communication delays, in which congestion control is based on additive-increase and multiplicative-decrease. We show that the source rates tend to be distributed in order to maximize an objective function called FAh (“FAh fairness”). We derive this result under the assumption of rate proportional negative feedback and for the regime of rare negative feedback. This applies to TCP in moderately loaded networks, and to those TCP implementations that are designed to interpret multiple packet losses within one RTT as a single congestion indication and do not rely on re-transmission timeout. This result provides some insight into the distribution of rates, and hence of packet loss ratios, which can be expected in a given network with a number of competing TCP or TCP-friendly sources. We validate our findings by analyzing a multiple-bottleneck scenario, and comparing with previous results (Floyd, 1991, Mathis et al, 1997) and an extensive numerical simulation with realistic parameter settings. We apply FAh fairness to gain a more accurate understanding of the bias of TCP against long round-trip times
|Published in||Proc. of IEEE Infocom 2000|
|Publisher||IEEE Communications Society|
Copyright © 2007 IEEE. Reprinted from IEEE Communications Society. This material is posted here with permission of the IEEE. Internal or personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution must be obtained from the IEEE by writing to firstname.lastname@example.org. By choosing to view this document, you agree to all provisions of the copyright laws protecting it.