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HMM-Based Smoothing for Concatenative Speech Synthesis

M. Plumpe, Alex Acero, Hsiao-Wuen Hon, and Xuedong Huang


This paper will focus on our recent efforts to further improve the acoustic quality of the Whistler Text-to-Speech engine. We have developed an advanced smoothing system that a small pilot study indicates significantly improves quality. We represent speech as being composed of a number of frames, where each frame can be synthesized from a parameter vector. Each frame is represented by a state in an HMM, where the output distribution of each state is a Gaussian random vector consisting of x and Dx. The set of vectors that maximizes the HMM probability is the representation of the smoothed speech output. This technique follows our traditional goal of developing methods whose parameters are automatically learned from data with minimal human intervention. The general framework is demonstrated to be robust by maintaining improved quality with a significant reduction in data.


Publication typeInproceedings
Published inProc. of the Int. Conf. on Spoken Language Processing
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