Surajit Chaudhuri, Rajeev Motwani, and Vivek Narasayya
A major bottleneck in implementing sampling as a primitive relational operation is the inefficiency of sampling the output of a query. It is not even known whether it is possible to generate a sample of a join tree without first evaluating the join tree completely. We undertake a detailed study of this problem and attempt to analyze it in a variety of settings. We present theoretical results explaining the difficulty of this problem and setting limits on the efficiency that can be achieved. Based on new insights into the interaction between join and sampling, we develop join sampling techniques for the settings where our negative results do not apply. Our new sampling algorithms are significantly more efficient than those known earlier. We present experimental evaluation of our techniques on Microsoft's SQL Server 7.0.
|Publisher||Association for Computing Machinery, Inc.|
Copyright © 2007 by the Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept, ACM Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or firstname.lastname@example.org. The definitive version of this paper can be found at ACM’s Digital Library --http://www.acm.org/dl/.