Sing Bing Kang and Richard Szeliski
A traditional approach to extracting geometric information from a large scene is to compute multiple 3-D depth maps from stereo pairs or direct range finders, and then to merge the 3-D data. However, the resulting merged depth maps may be subject to merging errors if the relative poses between depth maps are not known exactly. In addition, the 3-D data may also have to be resampled before merging, which adds additional complexity and potential sources of errors.
This paper provides a means of directly extracting 3-D data covering a very wide field of view, thus by-passing the need for numerous depth map merging. In our work, cylindrical images are first composited from sequences of images taken while the camera is rotated 360 about a vertical axis. By taking such image panoramas at different camera locations, we can recover 3-D data of the scene using a set of simple techniques: feature tracking, an 8-point structure from motion algorithm, and multibaseline stereo. We also investigate the effect of median filtering on the recovered 3-D point distributions, and show the results of our approach applied to both synthetic and real scenes.
In International Journal of Computer Vision
Publisher Kluwer Academic
All copyrights reserved by Kluwer Academic 1997.