Low Bit-Rate Video Streaming for Face-To-Face Teleconference

Z. Wen, Z. Liu, M. Cohen, J. Li, K. Zheng, and T. Huang

Abstract

Face-to-face video teleconferencing is very important for real time communication. Current teleconferencing application uses standard video codec, such as MPEG1/2/4, for the compression of face video. It either requires high bandwidth for high quality video transmission, or the transmitted face video be blurred at low bitrate. In this paper, we present a system for real-time coding of face video at low bit-rate. There are two main contributions. First, we improve the technique of long term memory prediction by selecting frames into the database in an optimal way. A new frame is selected into the database only when it is significantly different from those frames which are already in the database. In this way, the database can cover a wider range of images. Second, we incorporate the prior knowledge about faces into the long term memory prediction framework. The prior knowledge includes: (1) facial motions are repetitive such that most of them can be reconstructed from multiple reference frames; and (2) different components of the face and the background could tolerate different level of error because of different perceptual importance. Experiments show that at similar PSNR the proposed system works much faster and achieves better visual quality than standard H.264/JVT codec.

Details

Publication typeInproceedings
Published inProc. Int. Conference on Image Processing
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
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