Xuezheng Liu, Wei Lin, Aimin Pan, and Zheng Zhang
Despite many efforts, the predominant practice of debugging a distributed system is still printf-based log mining, which is both tedious and error-prone. In this paper, we present WiDS Checker, a unified framework that can check distributed systems through both simulation and reproduced runs from real deployment. All instances of a distributed system can be executed within one simulation process, multiplexed properly to observe the .happens-before . relationship, thus accurately reveal full system state. A versatile script language allows a developer to refine system properties into straightforward assertions, which the checker inspects for violations. Combining these two components, we are able to check distributed properties that are otherwise impossible to check. We applied WiDS Checker over a suite of complex and real systems and found non-trivial bugs, including one in a previously proven Paxos specification. Our experience demonstrates the usefulness of the checker and allows us to gain insights beneficial to future research in this area.
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