Associated types with class

Haskell's type classes allow ad-hoc overloading, or typeindexing, of functions. A natural generalisation is to allow type-indexing of data types as well. It turns out that this idea directly supports a powerful form of abstraction called associated types, which are available in C++ using traits classes. Associated types are useful in many applications, especially for self-optimising libraries that adapt their data representations and algorithms in a type-directed manner. In this paper, we introduce and motivate associated types as a rather natural generalisation of Haskell's existing type classes. Formally, we present a type system that includes a type-directed translation into an explicitly typed target language akin to System F; the existence of this translation ensures that the addition of associated data types to an existing Haskell compiler only requires changes to the front end.

In  POPL '05: Proceedings of the 32nd ACM SIGPLAN-SIGACT sysposium on Principles of programming languages

Publisher  ACM Press

Details

TypeInproceedings
URLhttp://www.haskell.org/~simonmar/papers/assoc.pdf
Pages1–13
ISBN1-58113-830-X
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