Maximum Entropy Confidence Estimation for Speech Recognition

Chris White, Jasha Droppo, Alex Acero, and Julian Odell

Abstract

For many automatic speech recognition (ASR) applications, it is useful to predict the likelihood that the recognized string contains an error. This paper explores two modifications of a classic design. First, it replaces the standard maximum likelihood classifier with a maximum entropy classifier. The maximum entropy framework carries the dual advantages discriminative training and reasonable generalization. Second, it includes a number of alternative features. Our ASR system is heavily pruned, and often produces recognition lattices with only a single path. These alternate features are meant to serve as a surrogate for the typical features that can be computed from a rich lattice. We show that the maximum entropy classifier easily outperforms the standard baseline system, and the alternative features provide consistent gains for all of our test sets.

Details

Publication typeInproceedings
Published inProc. ICASSP
AddressHawaii
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc.
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