Jian Xue, Jinyu Li, Dong Yu, Mike Seltzer, and Yifan Gong
The large number of parameters in deep neural networks (DNN) for automatic speech recognition (ASR) makes speaker adaptation very challenging. It also limits the use of speaker personalization due to the huge storage cost in large-scale deployments. In this paper we address DNN adaptation and personalization issues by presenting two methods based on the singular value decomposition (SVD). The first method uses an SVD to replace the weight matrix of a speaker independent DNN by the product of two low rank matrices. Adaptation is then performed by updating a square matrix inserted between the two low-rank matrices. In the second method, we adapt the full weight matrix but only store the delta matrix – the difference between the original and adapted weight matrices. We decrease the footprint of the adapted model by storing a reduced rank version of the delta matrix via an SVD. The proposed methods were evaluated on short message dictation task. Experimental results show that we can obtain similar accuracy improvements as the previously proposed Kullback-Leibler divergence (KLD) regularized method with far fewer parameters, which only requires 0.89% of the original model storage.