The notion of COMPUTER encompasses not only those daily-used electronic devices, but also the working mechanism of biological neural networks, and even a billiard table (under certain arrangements). Over decades, people have been so enlightened by the "Boolean Logic" model about the tremendous capabilities that computers CAN do, while at the same time also observed fundamental limits from the "Turing Machine" model on what such a computer CANNOT do. The ultimate goal of Artificial Intelligence(AI) research, then, is to answer the question: Can a computer exhibit the truly remarkable phenomemon of (human-level) intelligence? After introducing a number of key concepts about this topic, the article emphasizes three distinguishing features of AI research, which are often overlooked or mistaken by the general public.
This article is published in the Chinese edition of the popular science magazine "NEWTON". Many thanks to Chen Fang for commissioning the article.
|Book title||NEWTON - Science World|
|Journal||NEWTON - Science World|
|Publisher||NEWTON - Science World|