A note on quantum related-key attacks

Martin Roetteler and Rainer Steinwandt

Abstract

In a basic related-key attack against a block cipher, the adversary has access to encryptions under keys that differ from the target key by bit-flips. In this short note we show that for a quantum adversary such attacks are quite powerful: if the secret key is (i) uniquely determined by a small number of plaintext-ciphertext pairs, (ii) the block cipher can be evaluated efficiently, and (iii) a superposition of related keys can be queried, then the key can be extracted efficiently.

Details

Publication typeTechReport
NumberMSR-TR-2013-129
Publisherarxiv.org
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