Discriminative Video Pattern Search for Efficient Action Detection

Actions are spatiotemporal patterns. Similar to the sliding window-based object detection, action detection finds the

reoccurrences of such spatiotemporal patterns through pattern matching, by handling cluttered and dynamic backgrounds and other

types of action variations. We address two critical issues in pattern matching-based action detection: 1) the intrapattern variations in

actions, and 2) the computational efficiency in performing action pattern search in cluttered scenes. First, we propose a discriminative

pattern matching criterion for action classification, called naive Bayes mutual information maximization (NBMIM). Each action is

characterized by a collection of spatiotemporal invariant features and we match it with an action class by measuring the mutual

information between them. Based on this matching criterion, action detection is to localize a subvolume in the volumetric video space

that has the maximum mutual information toward a specific action class. A novel spatiotemporal branch-and-bound (STBB) search

algorithm is designed to efficiently find the optimal solution. Our proposed action detection method does not rely on the results of

human detection, tracking, or background subtraction. It can handle action variations such as performing speed and style variations as

well as scale changes well. It is also insensitive to dynamic and cluttered backgrounds and even to partial occlusions. The cross-data

set experiments on action detection, including KTH, CMU action data sets, and another new MSR action data set, demonstrate the

effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed multiclass multiple-instance action detection method.

05719621-TPAMI2011.pdf
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In  IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON PATTERN ANALYSIS AND MACHINE INTELLIGENCE (TPAMI)

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