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Maximum likelihood adaptation of histogram equalization with constraint for robust speech recognition

Xiong Xiao, Jinyu Li, and et. al

Abstract

In this paper, we propose a novel feature space adaptation technique to improve the robustness of speech recognition in noisy environ- ments. Histogram equalization (HEQ) is an effective technique for improving robustness by reducing the difference between clean and noisy features. A weakness of HEQ is that it does not take into ac- count acoustic model, resulting in possible mismatch between HEQ- processed features and the acoustic model. In this paper, we propose to adapt HEQ to maximize the likelihood of HEQ-processed features on the acoustic model, with a constraint on the parameters of HEQ. In addition, we use a Gaussian mixture model (GMM) to represent the clean feature space rather than using the acoustic model itself, and this results in both simpler implementation and better results. Experimental results show that HEQ with adaptation reduces word error rate by 7.5% and 5.7% respectively on Aurora-2 and Auroar-4 tasks over the HEQ baseline without adaptation.

Details

Publication typeInproceedings
Published inProc. ICASSP
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