Share on Facebook Tweet on Twitter Share on LinkedIn Share by email
Inferring Taxi Status Using GPS Trajectories

Yin Zhu, Yu Zheng, Liuhang Zhang, Darshan Santani, Xing Xie, and Qiang Yang


In this paper, we infer the statuses of a taxi, consisting of occupied, non-occupied and parked, in terms of its GPS trajectory. The status information can enable urban computing for improving a city’s transportation systems and land use planning. In our solution, we first identify and extract a set of effective features incorporating the knowledge of a single trajectory, historical trajectories and geographic data like road network. Second, a parking status detection algorithm is devised to find parking places (from a given trajectory), dividing a trajectory into segments (i.e., sub-trajectories). Third, we propose a two-phase inference model to learn the status (occupied or non-occupied) of each point from a taxi segment. This model first uses the identified features to train a local probabilistic classifier and then carries out a Hidden Semi-Markov Model (HSMM) for globally considering long term travel patterns. We evaluated our method with a large-scale real-world trajectory dataset generated by 600 taxis, showing the advantages of our method over baselines.


Publication typeTechReport
> Publications > Inferring Taxi Status Using GPS Trajectories