J. Gudnason, M. R. P. Thomas, D. P. W. Ellis, and P. A. Naylor
A data-driven approach is introduced for studying, analyzing and processing the voice source signal. Existing approaches parameterize the voice source signal by using models that are motivated, for example, by a physical model or function-fitting. Such parameterization is often difficult to achieve and it produces a poor approximation to a large variety of real voice source waveforms of the human voice. This paper presents a novel data-driven approach to analyze different types of voice source waveforms using principal component analysis and Gaussian mixture modeling. This approach models certain voice source features that many other approaches fail to model. Prototype voice source waveforms are obtained from each mixture component and analyzed with respect to speaker, phone and pitch. An analysis/synthesis scheme was set up to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method. Compression of the proposed voice source by discarding 75% of the features yields a segmental signal-to-reconstruction error ratio of 13 dB and a Bark spectral distortion of 0.14.
In Speech Communication