Frank Seide, Gang Li, and Dong Yu
We apply the recently proposed Context-Dependent Deep- Neural-Network HMMs, or CD-DNN-HMMs, to speech-to-text transcription. For single-pass speaker-independent recognition on the RT03S Fisher portion of phone-call transcription benchmark (Switchboard), the word-error rate is reduced from 27.4%, obtained by discriminatively trained Gaussian-mixture HMMs, to 18.5%?aa 33% relative improvement. CD-DNN-HMMs combine classic artificial-neural-network HMMs with traditional tied-state triphones and deep-beliefnetwork pre-training. They had previously been shown to reduce errors by 16% relatively when trained on tens of hours of data using hundreds of tied states. This paper takes CD-DNNHMMs further and applies them to transcription using over 300 hours of training data, over 9000 tied states, and up to 9 hidden layers, and demonstrates how sparseness can be exploited. On four less well-matched transcription tasks, we observe relative error reductions of 22¨C28%.
|Published in||Interspeech 2011|
|Publisher||International Speech Communication Association|
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Dong Yu and Li Deng. Deep Learning and Its Applications to Signal and Information Processing , IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, IEEE, January 2011.
Dong Yu and Li Deng. Deep-Structured Hidden Conditional Random Fields for Phonetic Recognition, International Speech Communication Association, September 2010.
George Dahl, Dong Yu, Li Deng, and Alex Acero. Context-Dependent Pre-trained Deep Neural Networks for Large Vocabulary Speech Recognition, IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing (receiving 2013 IEEE SPS Best Paper Award) , January 2012.
Abdel-rahman Mohamed, Dong Yu, and Li Deng. Investigation of Full-Sequence Training of Deep Belief Networks for Speech Recognition, International Speech Communication Association, September 2010.