Amitav Das and Makarand Tapaswi
Traditional Text-Dependent Speaker Recognition (TDSR) systems model the user-specific spoken passwords with frame-based features such as MFCC and use DTW or HMM type classifiers to handle the variable length of the feature vector sequence. In this paper, we explore a direct modeling of the entire spoken password by a fixed-dimension vector called Compressed Feature Dynamics or CFD. Instead of the usual frame-by-frame feature extraction, the entire password utterance is first modeled by a 2-D Featurogram or FGRAM, which efficiently captures speaker-identity specific speech dynamics. CFDs are compressed and approximated version of the FGRAMs and their fixed dimension allows the use of simpler classifiers. Overall, the proposed FGRAM-CFD framework provides an efficient and direct model to capture the speaker-identity information well for a TDSR system. As demonstrated in trials on a 344-speaker database, compared to traditional MFCC-based
TDSR systems, the FGRAM-CFD framework shows quite encouraging performance at significantly lower complexity.
© 2008 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE. http://www.ieee.org/