Removing the Memory Limitations of Sensor Networks with Flash-Based Virtual Memory

Virtual memory has been successfully used in different domains to extend the amount of memory available to applications. We have adapted this mechanism to sensor networks, where, traditionally, RAM is a severely constrained resource. In this paper we show that the overhead of virtual memory can be significantly reduced with compile-time optimizations to make it usable in practice, even with the resource limitations present in sensor networks. Our approach, ViMem, creates an efficient memory layout based on variable access traces obtained from simulation tools. This layout is optimized to the memory access patterns of the application and to the specific properties of the sensor network hardware. Our implementation is based on TinyOS. It includes a pre-compiler for nesC code that translates virtual memory accesses into calls of ViMem’s runtime component. ViMem uses flash memory as secondary storage. In order to evaluate our system we have modified nontrivial existing applications to make use of virtual memory. We show that its runtime overhead is small even for large data sizes.

In  Proc. of the European Conference on Computer Systems (EuroSys)

Publisher  Association for Computing Machinery, Inc.
Copyright © 2007 by the Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept, ACM Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or permissions@acm.org. The definitive version of this paper can be found at ACM’s Digital Library --http://www.acm.org/dl/.

Details

TypeInproceedings
URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1145/1272996.1273012
Pages131–144
> Publications > Removing the Memory Limitations of Sensor Networks with Flash-Based Virtual Memory