Quannan Li, Yu Zheng, Xing Xie, and Wei-Ying Ma
4 November 2008
The pervasiveness of location-acquisition technologies (GPS, GSM networks, etc.) enable people to conveniently log the location histories they visited with spatio-temporal data. The increasing availability of large amounts of spatio-temporal data pertaining to an individual’s trajectories has given rise to a variety of geographic information systems, and also brings us opportunities and challenges to automatically discover valuable knowledge from these trajectories. In this paper, we move towards this direction and aim to geographically mine the similarity between users based on their location histories. Such user similarity is significant to individuals, communities and businesses by helping them effectively retrieve the information with high relevance. A framework, referred to as hierarchical-graph-based similarity measurement (HGSM), is proposed for geographic information systems to consistently model each individual’s location history and effectively measure the similarity among users. In this framework, we take into account both the sequence property of people’s movement behaviors and the hierarchy property of geographic spaces. We evaluate this framework using the GPS data collected by 65 volunteers over a period of 6 months in the real world. As a result, HGSM outperforms related similarity measures, such as the cosine similarity and Pearson similarity measures.
In ACM SIGSPATIAL GIS 2008
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery, Inc.
Copyright © 2007 by the Association for Computing Machinery, Inc. Permission to make digital or hard copies of part or all of this work for personal or classroom use is granted without fee provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or commercial advantage and that copies bear this notice and the full citation on the first page. Copyrights for components of this work owned by others than ACM must be honored. Abstracting with credit is permitted. To copy otherwise, to republish, to post on servers, or to redistribute to lists, requires prior specific permission and/or a fee. Request permissions from Publications Dept, ACM Inc., fax +1 (212) 869-0481, or firstname.lastname@example.org. The definitive version of this paper can be found at ACM’s Digital Library --http://www.acm.org/dl/.