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Algorithms and theory47205 (57)
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Shai Avidan
Visual Nearest Neighbor SearchTemplate Matching finds the best match in an image to a given template and this is used in a variety of computer vision applications. I will discuss several extensions to Template Matching. First, dealing with the case where we have millions of templates that we must match at once, second dealing with the case of RGBD images, where depth information is available and finally, presenting a fast algorithm for template matching under 2D affine transformations with global approximation guarantees. Joint work...
Video details
Date: 30 July 2014
Duration: 01:08:00
Claudia Goldin
A Grand Gender Convergence: Its Last ChapterThe converging roles of men and women are among the grandest advances in society and the economy in the last century. These aspects of the grand gender convergence are figurative chapters in a history of gender roles. But what must the “last” chapter contain for there to be equality in the labor market? The answer may come as a surprise. The solution does not (necessarily) have to involve government intervention and it need not make men more responsible in the home (although that wouldn’t hurt). But it...
Video details
Date: 23 July 2014
Duration: 01:08:57
John Rossman
The Amazon Way: 14 Leadership Principles Behind the WorldIn just twenty years, Amazon.com has gone from a start-up internet bookseller to a global company revolutionizing multiple industries, including retail, publishing, logistics, devices, apparel, and cloud computing. But what is at the heart of Amazon.com’s rise to success? Is it the tens of millions of items in stock, the company’s technological prowess, or the many customer service innovations like “one-click”? As a leader at Amazon who had a front-row seat during its formative years, John Rossman...
Video details
Date: 22 July 2014
Duration: 00:55:59
Collection: Visiting Speakers Series
Project Adam demo from Faculty Summit 2014Watch Project Adam identify different breeds of dogs in this demo from the Faculty Summit 2014 keynote address.
Video details
Date: 21 July 2014
Duration: 00:02:55
Publisher: Microsoft
Skype Translator demo from WPC 2014Watch Skype's English-German translation in action in this live demo from the Microsoft Worldwide Partner Conference 2014.
Video details
Date: 21 July 2014
Duration: 00:03:06
Publisher: Microsoft
Matthew Junge
The Frog Model on TreesThe frog model is a branching random walk that splits into two particles upon the first visit to each site. We prove a phase transition from recurrence to transience on the rooted d-ary tree. For d=2 the root is a.s. visited infinitely often and for d>4 only finitely often. This covers all but two cases of one of the longest standing open problems for this model. We conjecture the ternary tree remains recurrent while the quadrary tree is transient. This work is joint with Christopher Hoffman, Tobias...
Video details
Date: 18 July 2014
Duration: 00:41:50
Collection: MSR Talk Series
Chris Dancy
The Human Information System: BYOD, Wearable Computing and Imperceptible ElectronicsYou are the greatest information system that you will manage, own, or work with. BYOD (Bring Your Own Device) entered the cultural lexicon of knowledge work sometime in the 2000s. While most pundits will give you hours of debate on BYOD, it's pointless babble. BYOD was the cultural canary in the digital coal mine. Today, in 2013, wearable computing is invading the workplace. Google Glass, Health Sensors, and every form of ambient, calm computing you can think of. Our cubes are surveillance work spaces...
Video details
Date: 17 July 2014
Duration: 01:22:14
Collection: MSR Talk Series
Patrick Hayden, Mario Szegedy, and Matt Hastings
Workshop on Quantum Algorithms and Devices - Part 31:10PM – 1:50PMQuantum Information in Space and Time Patrick Hayden (Stanford University)Abstract: What can quantum information theory teach us about spacetime? This talk will describe two examples in which the information theoretic viewpoint has revealed unexpected and beautiful structure in spacetime.The first example will address a basic question: where and when can a qubit be? While the no-cloning theorem of quantum mechanics prevents quantum information from being copied in space, the reversibility...
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Date: 16 July 2014
Duration: 01:57:08
Robert Schoelkopf and David Reilly
Workshop on Quantum Algorithms and Devices - Part 210:50AM – 11:30AMUsing Cat States in a Microwave Cavity for Quantum Information Rob Schoelkopf (Yale University)Abstract: Dramatic progress has been made in the last decade and a half towards realizing solid-state systems for quantum information processing with superconducting quantum circuits. Artificial atoms (or qubits) based on Josephson junctions have improved their coherence times more than 100,000-fold, have been entangled, and used to perform simple quantum algorithms. The next challenge for the...
Video details
Date: 16 July 2014
Duration: 01:30:23
Yaoyun Shi and Ben Reichardt
Workshop on Quantum Algorithms and Devices - Part 18:30AM – 9:00AMWelcome and Introductions/Framing for event Krysta Svore (QuArC)9:00AM – 9:40AMTrue Randomness: Its Genesis and Expansion Yaoyun Shi (University of Michigan)Abstract: How can we produce randomness of almost perfect quality, in large quantities, and under minimal assumptions? This question is fundamental not only to modern day information processing but also to physics. Yet a satisfactory answer is still elusive to both the practice and the theory of randomness extraction.Here we propose a...
Video details
Date: 16 July 2014
Duration: 01:27:05
Robert Schoelkopf, David Reilly, and Dave Wecker
Towards Scalable Quantum ComputationThree decades have passed since Richard Feynman first proposed devising a “quantum computer” founded on the laws of quantum physics to achieve computational speed-ups over classical methods. In that time, quantum algorithms have been developed that offer fast solutions to problems in a variety of fields including number theory, chemistry, and materials science. To execute such algorithms on a quantum device will require extensive quantum and classical “software”. One of the grand challenges for the...
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 01:26:56
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Andrew Begel, Mary Czerwinski, and Erin Solovey
And how does that make you feel?Confused and frustrated by your difficult programming task? Let's have your IDE intervene before you get the chance to cause a bug in the software. Bored by your rote assignment? Let’s have your browser find a funny YouTube video to snap you out of it. Stressed out? Let's Snapchat your friends so they can call and lend you an ear. What else could a computer do if it knew what you were feeling? In this session, we’ll talk about several research projects which leverage low-cost biometric sensors to sense...
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 01:26:50
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Martha Kim, Thomas Wenisch, and Adrian Caulfield
Specialized Computing in the CloudThe slowing and eventual ending of Moore’s Law will dramatically impact datacenter operators, who have long depended on steady advances in server performance and efficiency to make improved services economically viable. Specialization in the form of hardware accelerators (e.g., FPGAs, GPGPUs, and ASICs) can overcome performance and energy limitations but introduce challenging problems at scale, such as cost, flexibility, programmability, and the need to gracefully integrate with existing software stacks....
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 01:24:27
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Tselil Schramm
Gap Amplification for Small-Set Expansion via Random WalksThe Small-Set Expansion problem is the problem of finding sets in a graph that meet specific size and expansion bounds; this problem has received a lot of attention in the past couple of years due to its close relationship with the Unique Games problem. In this talk, I will show how to achieve gap amplification for the Small-Set Expansion problem. Specifically, I will show that an instance of the Small-Set Expansion Problem with completeness ε and soundness 1/2 is at least as difficult as Small-Set...
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 00:35:49
Collection: MSR Talk Series
Rajesh Patel, Matthew Lease, Winter Mason, and Siddharth Suri
Meet the Crowd: Political Economies and Cultural Meanings of Digital LaborThis presentation draws together experts in the field to discuss the technical and social challenges posed by crowdsourcing's global workflows. While crowdwork is often presumed to be driven by anonymous, autonomous actors, this panel draws on a diverse set of research approaches to flesh out a more socially robust vision of this vital part of the information economy. We examine crowdsourcing’s systems of exchange and collaboration as well as the range of networks and incentives that organize crowdwork....
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 00:57:29
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Hyunju Lee, Parker MacCready, Yan Xu, and Chunmiao Zheng
Science in the CloudThe sciences are currently undergoing a fundamental transition due to the avalanche of data that is generated by instruments, simulations, on-line archives and social media. The impact of the data revolution is seen in every discipline. Cloud computing was invented to manage the big data challenges of Internet companies, but it is now seen as a critical tools for many research communities. Life Science, environmental science and geosciences have been early adopters of cloud technology because of easy by...
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 01:27:06
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Grey Ballard, Andrew Lenharth, and Madan Musuvathi
Recent Advances in Parallel AlgorithmsParallelism abounds in modern hardware—from the datacenter to multi-cores, GPUs, and FPGAs. On the other hand, important algorithms, such as graph algorithms, dynamic programming, and finite-state machine processing involve fine-grained dependencies and do not directly map on to this parallel hardware. Harnessing the parallelism available for these algorithms requires new algorithms, new programming languages, and new runtime systems. This session will present recent advances in this area and will serve as...
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 01:26:03
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Microsoft Research Design Expo 2014During Microsoft’s annual Faculty Summit, universities from around the world send teams of students to present projects with potential real-world impact. See what these students did to answer the question, “What would you do with a billion sensors?”
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 00:00:40
Publisher: Microsoft
Shelly Farnham, John Carroll, Ed Cutrell, Andrea Kavanaugh, and Robert Mason
Networked Publics as Third PlacesCommunication technologies have long played a central role in people’s personal and professional lives. However, as social media has become globally ubiquitous in the past decade, enabling people to connect with any person, friend or stranger, around the world, communication technologies have also played an increasingly important role in the public, civic sphere. These networked publics provide a new form of third place—a place outside the home and work—transforming how people are connected and mobilized...
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 01:31:45
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Lili Cheng, Reena Kawal, Elizabeth Gerber, Tom Igoe, Bill Buxton, Nikoline Hoegh, Patrick Fritz, Monika Havno, Jalte Windum, Adi Yarden, Tali Gueta, Alex Sciuto, Shannon Impellicceiri, Leslie Bloomfield, Jenny Rodenhouse, Kristina Ortega, Nikita Vidal, Raquel Cordeiro, Simon Herzog, Claudia Ciarpella, Carolyn Concepcion, Adarsh Kosuru, Joy Li, Haylee Hongeun Jung, Samantha Miller, Anuradha Reddy, Mason Catt, Courtney Dutton, Abigail Steinem, Kristina Colleen, Gwenyth Hardiman, and Dan Doan
Design Expo
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 02:21:21
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Bhuvan Urgaonkar, Michael Freedman, and Adam Wierman
Challenges in Geo-Distributed Data Center and Application DesignOnline apps that matter are geo-distributed, because they serve millions of users around the world. Geo-distribution is important for latency, availability, and increasingly also for efficiency. Due to rapid growth in the volume of demand served, large numbers of geo-distributed data centers today can benefit from the same multi-megawatt economies of scale that were initially limited to a few centralized ones. As a result, modern cloud infrastructures are already highly geo-distributed. Trends such as our...
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 01:31:38
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Anoop Gupta, Sumit Basu, and Rakesh Agrawal
From Exceptional to Everyone - MicrosoftThe promise of technology in learning has been long in coming. For decades public perception around technology’s potential to revolutionize learning has driven much of the conversation, for better or for worse. However, Microsoft is helping to accelerate this transformation with research driven tools that will increase access, efficiency, and knowledge around how best to deliver education services. This session will include a mix of new tools and research that building on evidence driven development of...
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 01:29:29
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Jeff A Bilmes, Christopher Manning, and Dong Yu
Frontiers in Speech and LanguageThe last few years have witnessed a renaissance in multiple areas of speech and language processing. In speech recognition, deep neural networks have led to significant performance improvements; in language processing the idea of continuous-space representations of words and language has become mainstream; and dialog systems have advanced to the point where automated personal assistants are now everyday fare on mobile devices. In this session, we bring together researchers from the different disciplines of...
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 01:09:11
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Keith Hampton
Is the grass any greener? Pervasive awareness, social media, and well-beingSocial media, we have been promised, supports the well-being of individuals and society. It has been said that it offers new opportunities for democratic participation, that it supports collective action and gives individuals a voice. Social capital, once lost through the dormancy of ties, hidden as a result of infrequent contact, has been made visible through the persistent and pervasive nature of social media. Yet, it is often said that these technologies do not live up to their hype, that they...
Video details
Date: 15 July 2014
Duration: 00:59:19
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Leslie Lamport
Thinking Above the CodeLeslie Lamport, Turing Award winner, Microsoft Research, presents this keynote during the 2014 Microsoft Research Faculty Summit.Architects draw detailed blueprints before a brick is laid or a nail is hammered. Programmers and software engineers seldom do. A blueprint for software is called a specification. The need for extremely rigorous specifications before coding complex or critical systems should be obvious—especially for concurrent and distributed systems. This talk explains why some sort of...
Video details
Date: 14 July 2014
Duration: 00:59:48
Collection: Faculty Summit 2014
Publisher: Microsoft
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