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Abram Hindle, Christian Bird, Thomas Zimmermann, and Nachiappan Nagappan

Large organizations like Microsoft tend to rely on formal requirements documentation in order to specify and design the software products that they develop. These documents are meant to be tightly coupled with the actual implementation of the features they describe. In this paper we evaluate the value of high-level topic-based requirements traceability and issue report traceability in the version control system, using Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA). We evaluate LDA topics on practitioners...

Publication details
Date: 1 December 2015
Type: Article
Publisher: Springer
Youshan Miao, Wentao Han, Kaiwei Li, Ming Wu, Fan Yang, Lidong Zhou, Vijayan Prabhakaran, Enhong Chen, and Wenguang Chen

Temporal graphs that capture graph changes over time are attracting increasing interest from research communities, for functions such as understanding temporal characteristics of social interactions on a time-evolving social graph. ImmortalGraph is a storage and execution engine designed and optimized specifically for temporal graphs. Locality is at the center of ImmortalGraph’s design: temporal graphs are carefully laid out in both persistent storage and memory, taking into account data locality in...

Publication details
Date: 1 December 2015
Type: Article
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
Yanjie Fu, Yong Ge, Yu Zheng, Yao, Yanchi Liu, Hui Xiong, and Nicholas Jing Yuan

Ranking residential real estates based on investment values can provide decision making support for home buyers and thus plays an important role in estate marketplace. In this paper, we aim to develop methods for ranking estates based on investment values by mining users opinions about estates from online user reviews and offline moving behaviors (e.g., taxi traces, smart card transactions, check-ins). While a variety of features could be extracted from these data, these features are intercorrelated and...

Publication details
Date: 1 December 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: IEEE – Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
Publication details
Date: 1 December 2015
Type: Article
Type a summary that describes the content of your video.
Video details
Date: 5 November 2015
Duration: 00:03:15
Publisher: Microsoft
Jointly organized by Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Microsoft Research New England, the Charles River Lectures on Probability and Related Topics is a one-day event for the benefit of the greater Boston area mathematics community.
Event details
Date: 2 October 2015
Location: Cambridge, Mass.
Type: Conference
H. Lombaert, A. Criminisi, and N. Ayache

This paper presents a new method for classifying surface data via spectral representations of shapes. Our approach benefits classification problems that involve data living on surfaces, such as in cortical parcellation. For instance, current methods for labeling cortical points into surface parcels often involve a slow mesh deformation toward pre-labeled atlases, requiring as much as 4 hours with the established FreeSurfer. This may burden neuroscience studies involving region-specific measurements....

Publication details
Date: 1 October 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: Springer
Dongwook Yoon, Nicholas Chen, François Guimbretière, and Abigail Sellen

This paper introduces a novel document annotation system that aims to enable the kinds of rich communication that usually only occur in face-to-face meetings. Our system, RichReview, lets users create annotations on top of digital documents using three main modalities: freeform inking, voice for narration, and deictic gestures in support of voice. RichReview uses novel visual representations and timesynchronization between modalities to simplify annotation access and navigation. Moreover, RichReview’s...

Publication details
Date: 1 October 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
Rui Ding, Qiang Wang, Yingnong Dang, Qiang Fu, Haidong Zhang, and Dongmei Zhang

Fast and scalable analysis techniques are becoming increasingly important in the era of big data, because they are the enabling techniques to create real-time and interactive experiences in data analysis. Time series are widely available in diverse application areas. Due to the large number of time series instances (e.g., millions) and the high dimensionality of each time series instance (e.g., thousands), it is challenging to conduct clustering on largescale time series, and it is even more challenging...

Publication details
Date: 1 September 2015
Type: Proceedings
Publisher: VLDB – Very Large Data Bases
Yu Zheng

The advances in location-acquisition and mobile computing techniques have generated massive spatial trajectory data, which represent the mobility of a diversity of moving objects, such as people, vehicles and animals. Many techniques have been proposed for processing, managing and mining trajectory data in the past decade, fostering a broad range of applications. In this article, we conduct a systematic survey on the major research into trajectory data mining, providing a panorama of the field...

Publication details
Date: 1 September 2015
Type: Article
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
Mohan Yang, bolin ding, surajit chaudhuri, and kaushik chakrabarti

We aim to provide table answers to keyword queries using a knowledge base. For queries referring to multiple entities, like “Washington cities population” and “Mel Gibson movies”, it is better to represent each relevant answer as a table which aggregates a set of entities or joins of entities within the same table scheme or pattern. In this paper, we study how to find highly relevant patterns in a knowledge base for user-given keyword queries to compose table answers. A knowledge base is...

Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: VLDB – Very Large Data Bases
Anne Schuth, Katja Hofmann, and Filip Radlinski

The gold standard for online retrieval evaluation is AB testing. Rooted in the idea of a controlled experiment, AB tests compare the performance of an experimental system (treatment) on one sample of the user population, to that of a baseline system (control) on another sample. Given an online evaluation metric that accurately reflects user satisfaction, these tests enjoy high validity. However, due to the high variance across users, these comparisons often have low sensitivity, requiring millions of...

Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
He Zhu, Aditya V. Nori, and Suresh Jagannathan

We propose the integration of a random test generation system(capable of discovering program bugs) and a refinement type system (capable of expressing and verifying program invariants), for higher-order functional programs, using a novel lightweight learning algorithm as an effective intermediary between the two. Our approach is based on the well-understood intuition that useful, but difficult to infer, program properties can often be observed from concrete program states generated by tests; these...

Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
Kalin Ovtcharov, Olatunji Ruwase, Joo-Young Kim, Jeremy Fowers, Karin Strauss, and Eric Chung
Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Proceedings
Publisher: HOTCHIPS
J. Valentin, V. Vineet, M.-M. Cheng, D. Kim, J. Shotton, P. Kohli, M. Niessner, A. Criminisi, S. Izadi, and P. Torr
Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Article
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
Peter Bailey, Alistair Moffat, Falk Scholer, and Paul Thomas

Test collection design eliminates sources of user variability to make statistical comparisons among information retrieval (IR) systems more affordable. Does this choice unnecessarily limit generalizability of the outcomes to real usage scenarios? We explore two aspects of user variability with regard to evaluating the relative performance of IR systems, assessing effectiveness in the context of a subset of topics from three TREC collections, with the embodied information needs categorized against three...

Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: KDD
Yu Zheng, Xiuwen Yi, Ming Li, Ruiyuan Li, Zhangqing Shan, Eric Chang, and Tianrui Li

In this paper, we forecast the reading of an air quality monitoring station in the next 48 hours, using a data-driven method that considers the current meteorological data, weather forecasts, and the air quality data of the station and that of other stations within a few hundred kilometers to the station. Our predictive model is comprised of four major components: 1) a linear regression-based temporal predictor to model the local factor of air quality, 2) a neural network-based spatial predictor...

Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
Emre Kıcıman and Matthew Richardson

Every day, people take action, trying to achieve their personal, high-order goals. People decide what actions to take based on their personal experience, knowledge and gut instinct. While this leads to positive outcomes for some people, many others do not have the necessary experience, knowledge and instinct to make good decisions. What if, rather than making decisions based solely on their own personal experience, people could take advantage of the reported experiences of hundreds of millions of other...

Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
Hitesh Ballani, Paolo Costa, Christos Gkantsidis, Matthew P. Grosvenor, Thomas Karagiannis, Lazaros Koromilas, and Greg O'Shea
Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Proceedings
Publisher: ACL – Association for Computational Linguistics
Paolo Costa, Hitesh Ballani, Kaveh Razavi, and Ian Kash

Rack-scale computers, comprising a large number of micro-servers connected by a direct-connect topology, are poised to replace servers as the building block in data centers. We focus on the problem of routing and congestion control across the rack's network, and find that high path diversity in rack topologies, in combination with workload diversity across it, means that traditional solutions are inadequate.

We present R2C2, a network stack for rack-scale computers providing flexible and...

Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: ACM – Association for Computing Machinery
Badrish Chandramouli, Jonathan Goldstein, Mike Barnett, Robert DeLine, Danyel Fisher, John C. Platt, James F. Terwilliger, and John Wernsing

This paper introduces Trill – a new query processor for analytics. Trill fulfills a combination of three requirements for a query processor to serve the diverse big data analytics space: (1) Query Model: Trill is based on a tempo-relational model that enables it to handle streaming and relational queries with early results, across the latency spectrum from real-time to offline; (2) Fabric and Language Integration : Trill is architected as a high-level language library that supports...

Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: VLDB – Very Large Data Bases
Virajith Jalaparti, Peter Bodik, Ishai Menache, Sriram Rao, Konstantin Makarychev, and Matt Caesar
Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Inproceeding
Publisher: ACM SIGCOMM
Gerard Pons-Moll, Jonathan Taylor, Jamie Shotton, Aaron Hertzmann, and Andrew Fitzgibbon

We present a new method for inferring dense data to model correspondences, focusing on the application of human pose estimation from depth images. Recent work proposed the use of regression forests to quickly predict correspondences between depth pixels and points on a 3D human mesh model. That work, however, used a proxy forest training objective based on the classification of depth pixels to body parts. In contrast, we introduce Metric Space Information Gain (MSIG), a new decision forest training...

Publication details
Date: 1 August 2015
Type: Article
Publisher: Springer
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